Timeline

Timeline with concentration on Rodchenko’s Graphic Design achievements

1891

•November 23 (December 5 according to New Style calendar): Aleksandr Mikhailovich Rodchenko is born in Saint Petersburg Russia to Mikhail Mikhailovich Rodchenko and Ol’ga Evdokimovna.


1905

•Family moves to Kazan.

 

1910

•September: Enrolls in the department of figurative arts in the Kazan School of Fine Arts.

 

1914

•February: Attends lecture and performances presented in Kazan by Russian Futurists David Burliuk, Vasilii Kamenskii, and Vladimir Mayakovsky. Becomes adherent to Futurism.

•June: Graduates from Kazan School of Fine Arts.

 

1915

•October: Moves to Moscow and enrolls in Graphic Section of the Stroganov School of Applied Art.

 

1916

•March: Opening of The Store Magazine, which was organized by Vladimir Tatlin and exhibited Rodchenko’s compass and ruler drawings in the Moscow exhibition.

 

1917

•Summer: Rodchenko is a founder of Profsoiuz (Professional Union of Artist-Painters). Becomes secretary of its avant-garde division.

•March/May: Exhibition of Works by Rodchenko (1910-1917) in Moscow.

 

1918

•January:  Establishment of Izo (the Section of Visual Arts). Rodchenko will assist Olga Rozanova, head of the Art and Production Subsection of Izo, in visiting workshops and studios and raising money to revive craft production. He will be names head of the Museum of Painterly Culture.

•Spring: Rodchenko publishes in the anarchist magazine Anarkhiia.

 

1919

•Executes his first collages using printed materials.

 

1920

•Organizes, designs, and participates in Exhibition to the Third Congress of the Komintern.

November: Becomes a professor at VKhuTeMas, where he will teach “Construction” and give the lectures “Initiative’ and “Graphic Construction of a Place”.

•December: Model for Tatlin’s Monument to the Third International exhibited in Moscow.

 

1921

•Wins first prize in a competitions to design union insignia.

•March: Forms the first working group of Constructivists with Vladimir Stenberg among others.

•May: Shows spatial constructions in the Second Spring ObMOKhu Exhibition in Moscow.

•November: Beginning or Productivist phase of Construction. Rodchenko stops painting.

•September/October: Presents work on 5×5=25 exhibition held at the Club of the All-Russion Union Poets.

 

1922

•August: First issue of the magazine Kino-Fot (Cine-Truth). Rodchenko is invited to design its covers. Rodchenko meets Dziga Vertov.

•October: Rodchenko exhibits work in the First Russian Art Exhibition at the Galerie van Diemen in Berlin. The exibition was Western Europe’s first comprehensive overview of Russian modernist art.

•November: Rodchenko designs intertitles for Kino-Pravada numbers 13 and 14.

 

1923

•Begins to design advertisements and insignia for the state airline Dobrolet. This leads to regular collaborations with Mayakovsky (he wrote the slogans).

•Receives graphic design commissions, mainly for book covers and posters, from Gosizdat, Komakademiia, Krug, Molodaia gvardiia, and Transoechat’, and from magazines Krasnaia Nov’ and Molodaia Gvardiia.

•March: Lef magazine will come into publication with Rodchenko designing all the covers. He becomes the Lef group’s  principal visual artist.

•April: Completes photocollage maquettes as the cover and illustrations for “About This (Pro eto)”, a poem by Mayakovsky.

•July: Rodchenko and Mayakovsky’s first advertisting collaboration, a full page advert for the department store GUM in the newspaper Izvestiia.

 

1925

•Rodchenko publishes photo-reportage in the magazines Ogonek, Tridtsat’ Dnei, and Ekran Rabochei Gazety.

•June: Soviet exhibitons open in the Grand Palais, Rodchenko wins silver medals in each of the four categories he has entered: book design, outdoor design, theater design, and furniture design.

First Exhibition of Film Posters, Moscow.

Exposition Internationale des Arts Decoraatifs et Industriels Modernes, Paris.

 

1926

•Commissioned by the Museum of the Revolution and Komakademiia to create “The History of the VKP(b) [All-Russian Communist Party (Bolshevik)] in Posters).

•January: First issue of the magazine Novyi Lef. Rodchenko will design all of the covers and contribute regularly to the content.

 

1930

•June: October Exhibition of photomontage in Gorky Park, Moscow.

•July: First issue of magazine Za Rubezhom (Abroad). Rodchenko will design many of its covers.

 

1932

•Teaches a course in photography at the Institute of Graphic Design.

 

1933

•December: SSSR na Stroike publishes a special issue on the White Sea Canal, designed by Rodchenko and largely illustrated with his photographs. Over the next eight years Rodchenko and his wife Stepanova will work regularly  on SSSR na Stroike.

 

1939

•May-June: Writes a memoir on his collaborations with the late Mayakovsky, entitled “Working with Mayakovsky”.

 

1940

•August: He and his family are evacuated to Molotov, about 1,000 miles from Moscow.

•October: Moves to the village of Ocher, 100 miles from Molotov. Designs advertisements and signboards for the local cinema and newspaper.

 

1943

•December: Starts work as an artistic director of the House of Technology.

 

1951

•November: Expelled from membership in the graphic arts section of MOSSKh.

 

1952

•January: Restored to membership in MOSSKh.

 

1955

•Begins work on illustrations for Mayakovsky’s poem Well!. Finished the following year, this will be his last work.

 

1956

•December 3: Dies in Moscow.

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